Parco dei Principi
In the Parco dei Principi hotel, Rome, a conference is held to discuss the theme
“Revolutionary War”; it is organized by the Alberto Pollio Institute of Military Studies,
and financed by the REI office of the SIFAR secret services. Its underlying assumption is the danger of the Italian Communist Party coming to power and the need by a
section of the right to take on responsibility for reacting to such a danger
and, in this activity, to join forces with particularly “sympathetic” parts of the state:
men of the secret services, the carabineers and neo-fascist
members of the army. In the opinion of some, this conference marks for Italy the planning and start of the “strategy of tension” and “opposing extremes”, part of a wider
international operation, “False Flag” or “Operation CHAOS”, aimed at
opposing the advance of Communism in the world.
Bombs in Milan
A bomb explodes in the Fiat booth in the Milan trade fair,
wounding six; the explosion took place at 7 p.m., after the
fair’s public closing time. A second, unexploded bomb is found
in the central station.
Attacks on Trains
8 bombs, placed on various trains, explode, wounding 12. A further two
unexploded bombs are discovered in Milan’s central station
and in the Santa Lucia station in Venice
A bomb explodes in the headquarters of the Banca dell’Agricoltura In
Piazza Fontana in Milan. 17 people die and another 88 are wounded. The
same day bombs also explode in Rome, in the Banca Nazionale di Lavoro
in Via Veneto, wounding 16 people, and at the Altare della Patria.
The anarchist railway worker, Giuseppe Pinelli, is arrested as part of the
Inquiries into the slaughter in Piazza Fontana. During an interrogation by the
police commissioner, Luigi Calabresi, Pinelli dies after falling from a fourth floor
window of the police station.
The Gioia Tauro Massacre
A few hundred metres from the Gioia Tauro railway station there is an explosion
resulting in the derailment of the Palermo-Turin fast-train, known as
the “Treno del Sole” or Sun Train. The attack results in 6 mortalities and over 60 wounded.
The Borghese Coup
During the night between 7 and 8 December 1970 there is an all-out attempt at a military coup which only lasts a few hours as it is called off before becoming a real insurrection.
A group from the Avanguardia Nazionale movement gathers in the building sites of Montesacro, owned by the builder Remo Orlandini who is close to the secret services headed by Vito Miceli. Just outside Rome, an armed column of forest-rangers from Cittaducale, near Rieti, await orders. Another group of neo-fascists, led by Junio Valerio Borghese, ex-commander of the X Mas, or 10th Assault Vehicle Flotilla, enter the armoury of the Home Office accompanied by Aviation General Giuseppe Casero, the neo-fascist
Sandro Saccucci, and Police Major Salvatore Pecorella.
The Peteano Massacre
After an anonymous tip-off to the carabineer station in Gorizia a white
Fiat Cinquecento car is found with two holes in the windscreen. Three
carabineers try to open the vehicle’s bonnet; the car explodes
killing them all, while a further two are severely wounded.
Milan Police Station
The self-styled anarchist Gianfranco Bertoli throws a bomb at the
Milan police station killing four people.
During a trade union demonstration in Brescia, a bomb explodes in
Piazza della Loggia. Eight persons are killed and 94 are wounded.
The Italicus Train
A bomb explodes in the Italicus train running between Rome and Munich. In
coach number five 12 people die and 48 are wounded.
The Reale Law
The principle writer of this law is the Justice Minister Oronzo Reale; he is a member
of the Italian Republican Party. It regularizes the rights of the law enforcement agencies
to use arms, extends the use of preventive custody, even if the accused is not caught in the act, and in fact allows preventive custody for 96 hours within which the judicial authorities
can issue a validation order.
And, finally, it regulates the use of helmets and other elements that might make
Pier Paolo Pasolini
On the night between 1 and 2 November Pasolini was beaten to death
and run over by his own car on the beach near the Ostia seaplane base.
The Via Fani Massacre
At 9.15 a.m. in Via Mario Fani in Rome, a Red Brigade terrorist group kidnap
Aldo Moro, president of the Christian Democrat party. In the attack the
five members of his escort are killed.
The Italian government approves the first of the special laws (decree law n. 59)
providing for, amongst other things, life imprisonment for kidnappers in the case of the hostage’s death; an extension of police detention-powers and of phone-tapping; the
possibility of being interrogated without a lawyer.
At 1.30 p.m., in Via Michelangelo Caetani in Rome, Aldo Moro’s body is
discovered. The corpse of the president of the Christian Democrat party is in
the boot of a red Renault 4.
At 10.25 a.m., in the crowded 2nd class waiting-room of Bologna station,
a high-explosive bomb is set off. The blast is so violent
that part of the building falls on the passengers inside.
85 people lose their life while another 147 are wounded.
The Cossiga Law
The law provides heavy sentences for those judged guilty of
“terrorism” and gives the police further powers.
Confiscation of the P2 Lists
The investigating magistrates Gherardo Colombo and Giuliano Turone, in the course of
an inquiry into the alleged kidnapping of the Sicilian lawyer and businessman
Michele Sindona, search Licio Gelli’s house in Arezzo, “Villa Wanda”, and his factory, “Giole”, in Castiglion Fibocchi near Arezzo; the operation, undertaken by Colonel Bianchi of the Financial Police, finds in the “Giole” archives a list of almost a thousand members of the P2 Masonic lodge, among them the commanding officer of the Financial Police itself, Orazio Giannini (membership number 832). Michele Sindona himself is also on the P2 list thus confirming the suspicions of the